Wednesday, March 19, 2014

Bitcoin Core v0.9.0 release overview

The Bitcoin open source project has released a major new version, 0.9.0.  This update brings the usual basket of fixes, performance improvements, security enhancements and new features.  The Bitcoin Core Wallet (formerly Bitcoin-Qt) introduces a new direct-to-merchant payment method with the BIP 70 payment protocol and the workflow for receiving coins has been notably improved.  Under the hood, several improvements should reduce P2P network spam, enhance privacy and security, and improve performance.  For enterprise users, the wallet is made optional, introducing a blockchain-only "border router" mode.

Initial support for the BIP 70 payment protocol was added to the Bitcoin Core Wallet.  The payment protocol is an optional feature designed to upgrade the security and reliability of the customer-merchant payment process.  For the case where a direct connection between the customer and merchant already exists, such as when customer is shopping on a merchant's website, the payment protocol may be used to send payments directly from the customer's bitcoin wallet to the merchant.  This has several advantages: added security, speed, and the ability of a merchant to assist the customer in getting their transaction relayed and confirmed on the P2P network. Refund ability is also included. The goal is to make the payment process smooth and secure, and lessen dependence on everyday use of the now-familiar bitcoin addresses.

A recent trend has been the use of Bitcoin Core Server (bitcoind) in a new role.  Organizations with large bitcoin architectures will use bitcoind as a "border router" while developing their own custom wallet solutions.  This role involves bitcoind running the P2P network and distributed consensus services, providing a high quality payment firewall, while the organization manages their own keys and transactions.  The wallet, in this mode, may be disabled at compile time or runtime.  Some sites have seen memory savings of 40-200MB when running in router mode.

Many minor improvements have been made to payment network operation. Transaction relay rules have been tightened further, reducing several types of spam or malicious traffic, including the recent transaction malleability issues.  The anti-spam minimum fees have been reduced, as they were set at a time when bitcoin's price was much lower. Historically, these fees are only reduced.  Future "smart fee" work is intended to eliminate the hardcoded minimums completely.  A dynamic system and open, free fee market are the desired long term goals. Unrelated to fees, a new "reject" P2P message should provide useful feedback to nodes submitting invalid transactions.  Additional DoS and privacy protections were added.

It should be noted that this fee reduction only applies to the suggested anti-spam minimums.  The actual fee paid by users is determined by what miners are willing to include in a block.  Reducing the anti-spam minimum fee should increase the chance of a transaction being relayed across the network to various miners.  This does not imply a global network fee reduction.  Transaction fees are and continue to be set by the mining market.

Automated services and websites make use of Bitcoin Core Server's programmable RPC API.  Many new, minor features were added to RPC to facilitate blockchain queries, validate blockchain data and bitcoin addresses, and other utility features that bitcoin websites find useful.

New features for bitcoin developers include a new autotools-based build system, harmonizing bitcoin development with many other packages in the open source world.  A regression test mode has been introduced to facilitate automated bitcoin testing.  This "regtest" mode features near-zero block generation times, permitting a site to simulate thousands of test blockchain scenarios in a short amount of time.

This update also includes platform-specific improvements.  Windows client is now 64-bit, enabling better performance and stabilty.  GCC's stack smashing feature is enabled on Windows, as it already was on other platforms.  Apple OSX integration was improved.  Finally, support for the older 10.5 OSX/32-bit platform was removed.

Outside of new features, this update includes several fixes and tools designed to avoid problems with zero-confirmation malleable transactions.  (Confirmed transactions are, by definition, not malleable)

Read the full release notes at


  1. Thanks Jeff, keep the good work.

    How is the code quality and modularity? Are there improvements on those fronts?

    1. Minor improvements. The modularity is not where we would like, but it gets slowly better.

  2. The title said "Bitcore Core", is that a typo? The content suggests that it is about "Bitcoin Core", not "Bitcore" library by Bitpay ( Sorry to be nitpick. Maybe change the title?

    1. Mistake corrected. Too many darned bit-this and coin-that!

    2. By the way, I want to say thanks for the summary of 0.9.0. :)